Reports

Assessing Progress on Ocean and Climate Action: Reports of the Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action (ROCA) Initiative

These reports comprise an annual series of assessments of ocean and climate science, policy, and action organized by the Roadmap to Ocean and Climate Action (ROCA) Initiative. Following the organization of the Strategic Action Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action: 2016-2021, these progress reports address the following issues which must be addressed at all levels of policy as an inter-related “package” of issues, including, inter alia: recognizing the central role of oceans in climate; using ocean-based mitigation approaches (such as Blue Carbon, reducing air emissions from ships, renewable energy; carbon capture and storage); deploying a wide variety of adaptation measures, especially based on ecosystem approaches; fostering the low carbon Blue Economy; addressing the issues of human displacement; and providing adequate provision of financial flows and of capacity development.

Assessing Progress on Ocean and Climate Action: 2016-2017

Assessing Progress on Ocean and Climate Action: 2018

Assessing Progress on Ocean and Climate Action: 2019